“When will I ever need this?” This is a common question that comes out of the mouths of many students. I tell my students that the mathematics they are learning will teach them to be better logical thinkers, that they are exercising their brains, that any new knowledge will enable them to understand the world around them a little better, and they will be able to solve more complicated problems. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) would like to see students graduate with a working knowledge of the essential mathematics that they will need to function successively as adults rather than these students graduate with a poor understanding of college math. Big ideas related to teaching and learning in my discipline include using research reports and articles to improve the teaching and learning of mathematics for all students and establishing focus areas in specific grade levels i.e. number sense for kindergarten through 2nd grade and fractions for 3rd through 5th grade. Teachers have many opportunities to assess their students’ level of conceptual understanding and reasoning skills by monitoring small group and whole class discussions. Small groups provide a forum for students to discuss mathematics and learn from their peers.